Indigenous Cultures from Yesterday to Today
Shamanism is a very important part of the essence of the wisdom of the Indian. If we truly want to understand what it consists of to know our indigenous peoples we should learn to look beyond the simple phenomena that is produced by the customs, artistic expressions and cultures of a people that belong to another time and that are desperately fighting to survive and to avoid extinction and the acculturation that threatens their beliefs and natural way of life.

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  • Why Entheology.org?
    Our simple and concise mission statement including information regarding submissions. We pay you for reprint rights on any research paper we'd like to include here at Edoto...just click for details.

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  • Plants of the Gods
    Absolute essential read for anyone interested in sacred entheogens. Includes detailed history and preparation of 97 psychoactive and/or sacred plants.

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  • Annual Causes of Death in America
    The REAL truth is the most sobering statistic.

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  • Annual Causes of Death in America
    The REAL truth is the most sobering statistic.

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  • Extracting Salvinorin from Salvia Divinorum
    This is a concise extraction method for educational purposes only.

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  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
    Extremely important information regarding MAOI's, complete with Diet Card.

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  • Traditional Quid Preparation
    Information regarding the traditional praparation of Salvia divinorum for divination by the Mazatecs.

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  • Pharmacology of Bufotenine
    Exhaustive case study regarding Bufotenine, 5-MEO-DMT, and related substances.

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  • Study on Calea Zacatechichi (Dream Herb)
    Calea zacatechichi is a plant of extensive popular medicinal use in Mexico. An infusion of the plant is has been reported to have psychotropic properties that have been clinically-proven to induce dreaming, and increase the frequency of dreams as well.

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  • In Depth Report Regarding DMT
    In this article I wish to draw attention to a strange property of DMT which sets it apart from other psychedelics, namely, it's ability to place users in touch with a realm that is apparently inhabited by discarnate entities of an intelligent nature.

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  • The Science of Ethnobotany
    Ethnobotanists share two decades of experience living with the indigenous peoples of Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia.

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  • Entheogens and the Future of Religion
    The book should prove to be a welcome complement to other serious studies in mysticism (including those that take a fundamentally different tack).

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  • Tukanoans
    The Tukanoans are one of the most known cultures that utilize ayahuasca as their sacrament. They are one of about 70 tribes who share this practice.

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  • Ayahuasca, shamanism, and curanderismo in the Andes
    The term ayahuasca comes from the Quechua, meaning literally "the vine of souls," although it is also called "the visionary vine" or the "vine of death." The folk term refers to the botanical species of liana known as Banisteriopsis Caapi , which is also

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  • The Santo Daime Religion
    In this paper, the reader will be introduced to the sect of Santo Daime, a Brazilian religion which combines Christianity with the indigenous practice of using ayahuasca, a native entheogenic plant.

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  • Santo Daime Church Wins Court Case
    Freedom of Religion versus the Psychotropic Substance Treaty - The Verdict

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  • Ayahuasca: Human Consciousness and the Spirits of Nature
    Anything with the name Ralph Metzner even remotely attached to it is a safe buy. An elder statesman responsible for dramatic shifts in consciousness within this nation and throughout the world...

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  • DMT: The Spirit Moecule
    Covering a groundbreaking psychedelic substance that is actually found in human cerebrospinal fluid, Rick Strassman tells a first-person story of his research on the profoundly mysterious substance dimethltryptamine (DMT).

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  • The World As You Dream It: Shamanic Teachings from the Amazon and Andes
    John has done a lot to honor and preserve the indigenous teachings and the ethnobotanical environment.

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  • Shapeshifting: Shamanic Techniques for Global and Personal Transformation
    John has done a lot to honor and preserve the indigenous teachings and the ethnobotanical environment.

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  • Canada to Decriminalize Cannabis
    The Liberal government is preparing to move ahead in the new year with legislation to decriminalize marijuana, Justice Minister Martin Cauchon said yesterday.

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  • Solubility of Active Components – Quick Guide
    Brief discussion on active components of plants and whether they were traditionally extracted into alcohol, water, or other solvents.

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  • Amanita Muscaria
    This mushroom could very well be human's oldest hallucinogen, as it has been identified as Soma of ancient India.

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  • Anadenanthera - Yopo, Cebil, Villca
    YOPO or PARICA (Anadenanthera peregrina or Piptadenia peregrina) is a South American tree of the bean family, Leguminosae. A potent hallucinogenic snuff is prepared from the seeds of this tree.

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  • Argyreia nervosa - Hawaiian Baby Woodrose
    Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seeds are perhaps one of the least understood of modern-day entheogens and exotic botanicals. There is much controversy in regards to its true place in Shamanic and traditional history outside of its native culture and home; India.

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  • Argyreia nervosa - Hawaiian Baby Woodrose
    Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seeds are perhaps one of the least understood of modern-day entheogens and exotic botanicals. There is much controversy in regards to its true place in Shamanic and traditional history outside of its native culture and home; India.

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  • Banisteriopsis caapi - Ayahuasca
    Used in the western half of the Amazon Valley and by isolated tribes on the Pacific slopes of the Columbian and Ecuadorian Andes.

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  • Brugmansia aurea - Golden Angel's Trumpet
    Golden Angel’s Trumpet is native to the highland areas around the Andes mountain range in South America. It is very well known throughout southern Columbia, Ecuador and Peru. It has also been transplanted throughout Mexico and Central America, and it is f

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  • Brugmansia sanguinea - Blood-Red Angel's Trumpet
    Bloodred Angel’s Trumpet is native to the midland and lowland areas around the Andes mountain range in South America. It grows wildly throughout Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru. It has also been found growing at sea level in Chile. The plant’s

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  • Brunfelsia grandiflora - Brunfelsia
    Brunfelsia Grandiflora is a tree-like shrub indigenous to the tropical regions of South America, ranging from Venezuela to Bolivia and it is especially abundant in Brazil and on the Caribbean Islands.The plant’s psychoactive compounds are found in the lea

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  • Caesalpinia sepiaria - Yun Shih
    This plant was reputedly used in China as hallucinogen, this is nearly all we know about this plant.

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  • Calea zacatechichi - Dream Herb
    Calea zacatechichi is a plant used by the Chontal Indians of Mexico to obtain divinatory messages during dreaming.

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  • Cannabis sativa - Marijuana
    The original home of Cannabis is thought to be central Asia, but it has spread around the globe with the exception of Arctic regions and areas of wet tropical forests.

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  • Areca catechu - Betel Nut
    Betel nuts have been used as a drug for thousands of years. The practiced is thought to have started in south-east Asia and there is archaeological evidence to support this view.

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  • Claviceps purpurea - Ergot Alkaloid
    Ergot: A Fungus Disease Of Rye That Contains LSD

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  • Modern Day Shamanism in Hawaii
    Serge is doing his part to save the shaman traditions of his culture when he formed Aloha International; a world-wide network of people studying and practicing the Hawaiian shamanic traditions.

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  • Ibogaine a One-Way Trip to Sobriety
    Besides running a seed-distribution business, the peace and pot activist Marc Emery has started a new project that he's especially passionate about, one he says can cure cocaine and heroin addiction at a low price.

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  • You Hip to the Entheogen (R)evolution?
    The last decade has been secretly psychedelic. And we have all been primed and ready for an explosion of consciousness. To get to that point, we must have an idea of where to direct our energies. The best way to do this is through a common goal of cogniti

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  • Peyote on the Brain
    Is the Secret to Alcoholism and Other Addictions Locked Up in the Hallucinogenic Drugs?

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  • Database Has Deadly Facts About Smoking
    Tobacco FactFile, a new Internet database unveiled by the British Medical Association (BMA), contains worldwide facts and figures about smoking, the Associated Press reported February 27, 2003.

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  • Database Has Deadly Facts About Smoking
    Tobacco FactFile, a new Internet database unveiled by the British Medical Association (BMA), contains worldwide facts and figures about smoking, the Associated Press reported February 27, 2003.

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  • Spiritual Regression and Modern Day Shamans
    The term “shaman” is used to describe individuals who are able to bridge the physical and spiritual realms through their ability to enter into, and induce, profound states of trance. Shamanism is less of a specific methodology than it is a cosmovision whi

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  • Saving the 'Vine of the Soul'
    The appropriation of yage by outsiders threatens to further undermine the fragile culture of the Putumayo region, already devastated by 37 years of civil war. Colombia's billion-dollar U.S.-backed campaign to rid the country of its coca fields and end nar

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  • Shamanism and Priesthood
    We have come to recognize two main types of religious practitioners, the shaman and the priest. The shaman is found typically in tribal cultures, the priest in state formations and so, presumably, later in appearance, although some overlap between the two

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  • Kieri and the Solanaceae: Nature and Culture in Huichol Mythology
    Article concerning the use of Solandra among the Huichol and the true identity of Kieri.

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  • Plants as Teachers Among 4 Mestizo Shamans of Iquitos, Peru
    In the city of Iquitos and its vicinity there is even today a rich tradition of folk medicine. Practitioners, some of whom qualify as shamans, make an important contribution to the psychosomatic health of the inhabitants of this area.

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  • Soma of the Aryans: an ancient hallucinogen?
    This paper is based upon the author's "SOMA, Divine Mushroom of Immortality ", published in 1969 in New York by Harcourt Brace & World Inc., and in The Hague by Mouton. This work is referred to in the following pages as " Soma".

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  • Chacruna - An Overview of Ayahuasca's Principal Companion
    Psychotria is distributed in the warm and tropical regions of both hemispheres. They are low to tall shrubs or small trees, sometimes epiphytic. Approximately 1,200 species are described, of which about 800 are valid taxa. Classification of Psychotria spe

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  • Botanical Jewelry
    Humans have been decorating their bodies with the beauty of natural objects for thousands of years. Primitive man wore necklaces made from the bones, claws and teeth of slain animals.

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  • Ethnobotanical Tools in the Ancient Near East
    It is suggested that art and artifact have been sources often overlooked in determining the ethnobotanical content of any early civilization. The suggestion is made that early civilizations in the area of the Fertile Crescent employed Datura, Cannabis, Cl

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  • Lessons in The Use of Mazatec Psychoactive Plants
    During the mid-1980’s I participated in a caving expedition in the Sierra Mazateca of Oaxaca, Mexico. Our group intended to explore and map the lower reaches of the Sotano de San Agustin, which at that time was the deepest known vertical cave in the weste

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  • Psychoactive Plants Traditionally Used in Madagascar
    THE FOLLOWING OBSERVATIONS refer to two plants used by some of the autochthonous peoples of Madagascar and are based on an article by a French researcher, Pierre Boiteau. The article is unmentioned in the specialist literature on psychoactive plants.

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  • the Peyote Gardens: A Conservation Crises?
    Peyote is not a dangerous drug that victimizes Native Americans as alcohol as done. Rather, it is a sacred plant having a history of use of more than 6000 years. It is only used ceremonially and as medicine. It is not addicting, nor does it cause harmful

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  • Hallucinogens and Creativity
    Since the late 1950s, when psychedelics became more potent and more easily available, many studies and interviews focused on the influence of hallucinogen on the creative process. Most interest was placed on understanding how the mind works under the infl

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  • The Way of the Shaman
    ...many educated, thinking people have left the Age of Faith behind them. They no longer trust ecclesiastical dogma and authority to provide them with adequate evidence of the realms of the spirit or, indeed, with evidence that there IS spirit. Secondha

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  • Tobacco Use - A Cross-cultural Comparison
    Tobacco in the South American Indian Tradition is used for purification, connection with the divine, and recreation. It plays a major role in many shamanistic traditions, and is an integral part of many of their cultures.

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  • Jesus as a Mythical Copycat
    There are many mythological figures who came long before Jesus, yet the mythological story of Jesus is strikingly similar to these...

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  • Jesus as a Mythical Copycat
    There are many mythological figures who came long before Jesus, yet the mythological story of Jesus is strikingly similar to these...

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  • History of the Non-Medical Use of Drugs in the US
    This speech is derived from The Forbidden Fruit and the Tree of Knowledge: An Inquiry into the Legal History of American Marijuana Prohibition by Professor Richard J. Bonnie & Professor Charles H. Whitebread, II

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  • Amazon's Green Gold
    Biotechnology firms, pharmaceutical corporations, laboratories and university researchers are scouring the Amazon rainforest in a profit-driven pursuit. Seeking the Amazon’s “green gold,” they are turning to local indigenous groups to gain access to t

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  • Cannabis: "The Aspirin of the 21st Century?"
    Cannabis, the third most popular recreational drug after alcohol and tobacco, could win a new role as the aspirin of the 21st century, with growing evidence that its compounds may protect the brain against the damaging effects of ageing.

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  • False Alarm: Kava Not Toxic to Liver
    A meta-analysis of all clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of Kava, supports Kava’s beneficial effects in treating anxiety, without any reported cases of liver toxicity.

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  • Shadows in the Sun
    Renowned anthropologist Wade Davis shows us how preserving the diversity of the world's cultures and spiritual beliefs is just as important as preserving our endangered plants, insects, and animals. This essay focuses on an ayahuasca ceremony.

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  • The Drug War Is The Inquisition
    Racism, of course, was originally a form of anti-tribalism, driven by the economic value of enslavement. We are no longer overtly racist, in our public laws at least, but we are still politically driven by industrial power centers, still brutally anti-t

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  • U.S. Backs Colombia on Attacking SUSPECTED Drug Planes
    Such a policy, which has been criticized by human rights groups, was suspended in Colombia and Peru after a Peruvian jet fighter mistakenly shot down a private plane carrying American missionaries, killing two people, one an infant, in 2001.

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  • Medical Marijuana Slowly Gains Ground
    For hundreds of years, marijuana has been used to treat a wide variety of illnesses. But the herb has been illegal throughout the modern era of scientific medical research. Patients swear the drug works to relieve pain, prevent seizures, and counteract th

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  • Medical Marijuana Slowly Gains Ground
    For hundreds of years, marijuana has been used to treat a wide variety of illnesses. But the herb has been illegal throughout the modern era of scientific medical research. Patients swear the drug works to relieve pain, prevent seizures, and counteract th

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  • America Destroying Coca Cultures
    There has been rioting in Bolivia for nearly four weeks now. News reports say that the riots have been over the construction of a pipeline to ship natural gas to the United States. That's true, but there's a deeper anger at work: anger toward the United S

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  • America Destroying Coca Cultures
    There has been rioting in Bolivia for nearly four weeks now. News reports say that the riots have been over the construction of a pipeline to ship natural gas to the United States. That's true, but there's a deeper anger at work: anger toward the United S

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  • Marijuana Causes AND Prevents Pregnancy!
    In the latest round of contradictions, in addition to causeing the destruction of our rainforests and the rest of the planet, the ONDCP now says that marijuana use both prevents AND causes teen pregnancy simultaneously! - WOW!

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  • Marijuana Causes AND Prevents Pregnancy!
    In the latest round of contradictions, in addition to causeing the destruction of our rainforests and the rest of the planet, the ONDCP now says that marijuana use both prevents AND causes teen pregnancy simultaneously! - WOW!

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  • Bush Making Drug Cartels Wealthy
    Terrifying reports from Afganistan point to an even more dismal possibility for the future of Iraq, all at the hands of the administration that has stepped up the dismally failed War on Drugs now targeting the sick and the dying.

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  • Garden of Eden - Day 1
    No sooner had God created Adam and put him in Eden than God began to contradict himself. He told Adam that he could eat from all the trees of the garden. ALL the trees. Then God said, “Nevertheless, you can’t eat from the tree of knowledge of good and

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  • Garden of Eden - Day 1
    No sooner had God created Adam and put him in Eden than God began to contradict himself. He told Adam that he could eat from all the trees of the garden. ALL the trees. Then God said, “Nevertheless, you can’t eat from the tree of knowledge of good and

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  • Vatican Combats Threat of 'Alternative' Religions
    Catholics from more than 25 countries are in Rome this week to hammer out a strategy for combating the threat posed to Christianity by "New Age" religions and fads.

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  • Vatican Combats Threat of 'Alternative' Religions
    Catholics from more than 25 countries are in Rome this week to hammer out a strategy for combating the threat posed to Christianity by "New Age" religions and fads.

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  • Utah High Court OKs Non-Indian Peyote Use
    SALT LAKE CITY (AP) - The Utah Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that non-American Indian members of the Native American Church can use peyote in religious ceremonies.

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  • Utah High Court OKs Non-Indian Peyote Use
    SALT LAKE CITY (AP) - The Utah Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that non-American Indian members of the Native American Church can use peyote in religious ceremonies.

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  • Supreme Court to Hear Appeal on Hallucinogenic Tea
    The U.S. Supreme Court said on Monday it would decide whether the federal government must allow the U.S. branch of a Brazilian-based religion to import a hallucinogenic tea for use as a sacrament.

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  • Supreme Court to Hear Appeal on Hallucinogenic Tea
    The U.S. Supreme Court said on Monday it would decide whether the federal government must allow the U.S. branch of a Brazilian-based religion to import a hallucinogenic tea for use as a sacrament.

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  • NOT SO DOPEY
    The active ingredient of cannabis may protect against heart disease and strokes. In fact, marijuana's ability to relieve the symptoms of multiple sclerosis and AIDS, among other diseases, is pretty well agreed by patients, if not by the medical establis

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  • NOT SO DOPEY
    The active ingredient of cannabis may protect against heart disease and strokes. In fact, marijuana's ability to relieve the symptoms of multiple sclerosis and AIDS, among other diseases, is pretty well agreed by patients, if not by the medical establis

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  • NOT SO DOPEY
    The active ingredient of cannabis may protect against heart disease and strokes. In fact, marijuana's ability to relieve the symptoms of multiple sclerosis and AIDS, among other diseases, is pretty well agreed by patients, if not by the medical establis

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  • Amazonian Shamanism Conference
    The Church, "Soga del Alma" - "Vine of the Soul" - organizes a Conference for those interested in Amazonian shamanism and ceremonies managed by authentic Amazonian curandero(a)s will also be made available.

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  • Should 'Sally D' Be Made Illegal?
    There are plenty of herbal plants, such as Saint-John's-wort or morning glory, that contain emotion-altering compounds. But Salvia divinorum, known in the streets as Sally D, is making bigger legal waves on account of its short-term side effects, which so

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  • Should 'Sally D' Be Made Illegal?
    There are plenty of herbal plants, such as Saint-John's-wort or morning glory, that contain emotion-altering compounds. But Salvia divinorum, known in the streets as Sally D, is making bigger legal waves on account of its short-term side effects, which so

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  • Prince Charles Hopeful of End to Kava Ban
    PRINCE Charles is hopeful that the export ban on Fiji's traditional drink will be lifted in the near future. This was relayed by Foreign Affairs Minister Kaliopate Tavola after a brief conversation with the Prince of Wales on Thursday.

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  • Prince Charles Hopeful of End to Kava Ban
    PRINCE Charles is hopeful that the export ban on Fiji's traditional drink will be lifted in the near future. This was relayed by Foreign Affairs Minister Kaliopate Tavola after a brief conversation with the Prince of Wales on Thursday.

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  • Anti-Drug Gains in Colombia Don't Reduce Flow to U.S.
    Five years and $3 billion into the most aggressive counternarcotics operation ever here, American and Colombian officials say they have eradicated a record-breaking million acres of coca plants, yet cocaine remains as available as ever on American streets

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  • Anti-Drug Gains in Colombia Don't Reduce Flow to U.S.
    Five years and $3 billion into the most aggressive counternarcotics operation ever here, American and Colombian officials say they have eradicated a record-breaking million acres of coca plants, yet cocaine remains as available as ever on American streets

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  • Canada Approves Cannabis Spray
    Canada became the first nation Tuesday to approve a pharmaceutical prescription spray derived from the cannabis plant, a move that could shift the medical marijuana debate in the U.S.

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  • Canada Approves Cannabis Spray
    Canada became the first nation Tuesday to approve a pharmaceutical prescription spray derived from the cannabis plant, a move that could shift the medical marijuana debate in the U.S.

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  • Kona Kava Farm Goes Organic
    With the recent lift of the ban by the FDA, and FDA approval for their farm and manufacturing facility, they have been developing unique products such as cordials, instant Kava drinks, and Kava concentrates, which come in the form of liquefied chocolate.

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  • WHICH SIDE IS WINNING WAR ON DRUGS?
    In one survey, more than 70 percent of American cancer specialists said they would prescribe marijuana if it was legal. A poll of the British Medical Association yielded similar results.

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  • WHICH SIDE IS WINNING WAR ON DRUGS?
    In one survey, more than 70 percent of American cancer specialists said they would prescribe marijuana if it was legal. A poll of the British Medical Association yielded similar results.

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  • Pot Smoking Not Linked to Lung Cancer
    People who smoke marijuana do not appear to be at increased risk for developing lung cancer, new research suggests.

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  • Major Win for Medical Marijuana
    A San Diego Superior Court this week handed a critical victory to medical marijuana patients nationwide, affirming the ability of states to exempt qualified patients from criminal penalties, despite federal policy that prohibits all marijuana use.

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  • Major Win for Medical Marijuana
    A San Diego Superior Court this week handed a critical victory to medical marijuana patients nationwide, affirming the ability of states to exempt qualified patients from criminal penalties, despite federal policy that prohibits all marijuana use.

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  • LSD, Ketamine & Cannabis Could Treat Headaches to Diabetes
    Doctors and researchers in the US and across Europe are studying legitimate therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs with new science set to prove their case.

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  • LSD, Ketamine & Cannabis Could Treat Headaches to Diabetes
    Doctors and researchers in the US and across Europe are studying legitimate therapeutic applications of psychedelic drugs with new science set to prove their case.

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  • LSD Helped Forge Alex Grey's Spiritual, Artistic and Love Lives
    Interview with artist Alex Grey explores his use of psychotropic drugs and their influence on his art, his spirituality, and his life.

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  • Salvia Divinorum: Old Psychedelic Drug, New Appeal
    The hallucinogenic herb Salvia divinorum can be purchased online or at a local head shop. While the DEA and others want to limit its use, scientists say making it a controlled substance would hinder research.

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  • Salvia Divinorum: Old Psychedelic Drug, New Appeal
    The hallucinogenic herb Salvia divinorum can be purchased online or at a local head shop. While the DEA and others want to limit its use, scientists say making it a controlled substance would hinder research.

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  • Brain's Reaction To Potent Hallucinogen Salvia Explored
    U.S. Department of Energy is conducting new brain-imaging studies on animals, documenting the effects of Salvia divinorum on the brain.

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  • Brain's Reaction To Potent Hallucinogen Salvia Explored
    U.S. Department of Energy is conducting new brain-imaging studies on animals, documenting the effects of Salvia divinorum on the brain.

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  • Trip Of A Lifetime: How LSD Rocked The World
    A comprehensive overview of the life and work of Albert Hoffman, the bicycling Swiss chemist who created LSD - it explores the trailblazing, mind-altering legacy he left behind after his death on Tuesday, April 29, 2008, at the age of 102.

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  • Trip Of A Lifetime: How LSD Rocked The World
    A comprehensive overview of the life and work of Albert Hoffman, the bicycling Swiss chemist who created LSD - it explores the trailblazing, mind-altering legacy he left behind after his death on Tuesday, April 29, 2008, at the age of 102.

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  • The Shroom Tragedy
    Magic mushrooms are on the verge of being outlawed by the Dutch government for the usual sensationalized reasons as everywhere else.

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  • The Shroom Tragedy
    Magic mushrooms are on the verge of being outlawed by the Dutch government for the usual sensationalized reasons as everywhere else.

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  • Brazil Appeals Court Rules Drug Possession Not a Crime
    At the end of March, a Brazilian appeals court in São Paulo declared that possession of drugs for personal use is not a criminal offense. Several lower courts had previously ruled in the same way, but the ruling from the São Paulo Justice Court's 6th Crim

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  • US Leads World in Substance Abuse, WHO Finds
    The United States leads the world in rates of experimenting with marijuana and cocaine despite strict drug laws, World Health Organization researchers said on Tuesday. Countries with looser drug laws have lower rates of abuse, the researchers report in t

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  • Absinthe - Green Fairy - Wormwood
    Now that the ban on absinthe has been lifted in the United States, as well as around the rest of the world, all of us now are able to enjoy The Green Fairy again in all her psychoactive and sometimes psychedelic glory that inspired many great artists.

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  • Theobroma cacao
    Cacao truly is a "Food of the Gods", especially now that it's been clinically-proven to be extraordinaily good for our bodies. Yes, chocolate is indeed derived from cacao and has extraordinary nutritional properties, as well as psychoactive and aphrodisi

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  • Might the Gods be Alkaloids?
    The question related in the title of our presentation addresses the role and use of psychoactive plants, throughout the process of human evolution, as inducers of altered states of consciousness.

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  • Marc Emery, Canada's Prince of Pot
    In November 2002, Cannabis Culture publisher Marc Emery completed his second run for Mayor of Vancouver, Canada's West Coast cannabis capital. The renowned pot seed merchant placed fifth on the crowded ballot, participating in all major debates and campai

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  • Who Will Be Obama’s Pick For ‘Drug Czar’?
    by Allen St. Pierre, NORML Executive Director.

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  • Russia Bans Blue Lotus Smoking Blends
    Light drugs are still available in free sale in Russia despite the official decree issued by Surgeon General Gennady Onischenko. One can purchase a blend of dry herbs in specialized shops. Dope sellers assure their customers that their products are absolu

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  • Russia Bans Blue Lotus Smoking Blends
    Light drugs are still available in free sale in Russia despite the official decree issued by Surgeon General Gennady Onischenko. One can purchase a blend of dry herbs in specialized shops. Dope sellers assure their customers that their products are absolu

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  • Ancient Psychoactive Incense and Preparations
    Psychoactive incense has been known about and used for thousands of years; Over time and after many trials mankind has discovered that a potent hallucinogenic incense could be made by combining several different plants, resins, bark and roots.Although the

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  • Ancient Psychoactive Incense and Preparations
    Psychoactive incense has been known about and used for thousands of years; Over time and after many trials mankind has discovered that a potent hallucinogenic incense could be made by combining several different plants, resins, bark and roots.Although the

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  • Empathogenic Effects of Sceletium tortuosum
    As far as being a potentiator of cannabis, there is no doubt that sceletium has this effect. Much more was gotten from much less when sceletium was added. Overall, it is my opinion that the pleasant effects of this substance, when used in moderation far o

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  • History of Sceletium tortuosum (Kanna)
    Other reports confirm that kougoed induces feelings of euphoria and deep meditative tranquility. Subjects report that the relaxation induced by kougoed enables one to focus on inner thoughts and feelings, and enables one to intensely concentrate on the be

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  • Marijuana Kills Brain Cancer Cells
    The study showed, conclusively, that THC (the active alkaloid in Cannabis) caused brain cancer cells to undergo a process called autophagy. This process causes cells to feed upon themselves, thereby destroying them, and not only did researchers witness t

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  • Melissa officinalis - Lemon Balm
    Lemon Balm has long been known for its aromatic qualities and its culinary uses. The Greeks used Lemon Balm to treat insomnia, to calm nerves and alleviate anxiety. It was used as an ingredient in Mediterranean dishes, as a garnish, as an additive to flav

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  • Ethnopharmacology of Ska María Pastora
    S. divinorum is one of several vision-inducing plants employed by the Mazatec Indians, one of the native peoples living in the mountains and upland valleys of northeastern Oaxaca. Unlike other Mexican tribes, there is little information concerning their e

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  • Spiritual Effects Of Psilocybin In Sacred Mushrooms
    In a follow-up to research showing that psilocybin, a substance contained in "sacred mushrooms," produces substantial spiritual effects, a Johns Hopkins team reports that those effects appear to last more than a year. Writing in the Journal of Psychopharm

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  • Oldest Christian Bible - Let Translations Begin!
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There are various ways to speak about indigenous cultures, for example we could speak from the perspective of our so called ‘civilisation’ but how do we know that this perception is not contrary to the truth.

We could speak on the basis of our traditional religious concepts but again these concepts may in reality be the opposite of what we believe. If we speak about the indigenous from the point of view of an anthropologist we arrive at a cold and empty language, a study that only pays attention to external and superficial matters, in the same way an anatomist analyses our inner organs or our bones but they are still a long way from knowing the reality.

We believe that it is better to speak about indigenous cultures on the basis of their own reality, in relation to how they were as much as how they are now because in the course of time from yesterday to today many things have happened that are worthy of examination. The shock of our technical civilisation with the natural civilisation of the indigenous has brought about many changes for them that, rather than being beneficial, have been devastating to their natural culture, to its depths and essence. On the other hand, for us this cultural shock has only provoked isolated changes in the thoughts and way of life for some small groups of people.

We now know from studies that have been carried out that the Indians, prior to having contact with our civilisation lived completely happily in their way of life without that which we suppose to be the ‘greatness of technology’ even though with this technology we find ourselves a long way from an epoch of happiness and true peace.

The Jibaras Indians are an Amazonian tribe that still exist in spite of the advance of colonisation and evangelisation although they are suffering drastically from the cultural shock.

The governments of South American countries have the indigenous as part of their popular folklore, like a tourist attraction, like a national treasure, like a clay figure of a distant culture that we look at with curiosity but it is rare that people realise that for many capitalist governments the indigenous are an obstacle to the interests of the destruction of the Amazon and the exploitation of its natural resources. Now there are Amazonian Indians that live within our culture but that want to retain their authentic cultural values but it is evident that much damage has been caused to their psyches and their way of thinking if we look at the world and the society amongst these Indians. It is very difficult for them to return to their true cultural purity.

The Indian has been impacted by the society of consumerism and he too wants to consume although he knows that this is difficult because money is a new article in his life and he does not know the value of it or how to manage it. We have discovered that we can exploit the role of the Indian and take advantage of his situation and so we have converted him into a clay figure that we know is commercialising his culture, exporting him to other countries and presenting him as an exotic figure from the jungles of South America. Everyone wants to look but few are they that can understand and comprehend. Our culture encourages the Indian to make money from his own image but in doing this he damages the very essence of what he is.

From the moment that the society of consumerism knocks at the doors of the remaining isolated indigenous civilisations things will never be the same.

For this reason we believe that it is important not to speak about Amazonian Indians in an exterior form, we are dedicated to speaking about their culture and their form of life as we see it, presented before our own eyes and to transform with our minds any erroneous concepts that are based on theories and not on the reality that the Amazonian Indians had and have in their interior, that which the elders call wisdom. In reality it only through the warmth of human contact that it is possible to know how the different indigenous cultures really feel nowadays. Even when they live in protection, in communities or tribes it is difficult for them to withstand the merest contact with evangelisers, analizando no desde nuestro concepto, si no de acuerdo al significado mismo de la palabra SABIDURIA y do lo que representaba para los indios y que fue la base de casi todas las culturas, aun cuando ante nuestros ojos y conceptos se considere que se carecia de esta.

All is a matter of the focus of the mind, interior interests and the significance of life itself, of the world and nature. And so what is the wisdom that seems to be the occult link to penetrate into the kingdom of comprehension of the indigenous world? It is difficult to respond to this question in words because the indigenous themselves have in general lost the profound and esoteric contact with this wisdom due to the contact with and contamination of our "civilisation".

But if we are trying to translate into words the "something" that is the wisdom of the wise Indian we should try to understand that the shamans say the reason for this is that "The whites think that we humans are physical machines that learn to think but they don’t realise that in truth we are thoughts that learn to create physical machines".

Shamanism is a very important part of the essence of the wisdom of the Indian. If we truly want to understand what it consists of to know our indigenous peoples we should learn to look beyond the simple phenomena that is produced by the customs, artistic expressions and cultures of a people that belong to another time and that are desperately fighting to survive and to avoid extinction and the acculturation that threatens their beliefs and natural way of life.

The recovery of the native cultures should be more than just simple exhibitionism of their customs and art; it requires a profound study about the philosophy that includes the rituals, customs, traditions and forms of authentic indigenous life.

The tradition of our ancestors conforms to a way of life, a conception of man and nature as a whole and to start from here is to realise all the rest. All that the wise indigenous do and say has a profound reason because they know how to be, how to live simply and they conceive life in a natural way that goes beyond the intellectual parameters and reasoning that the western culture has imposed since the conquest of the pre-Colombian world.

When we learn to value the knowledge of shamanism in its essence, when we discover the secrets that the indigenous have found over many generations of life in Pachamama, when we really understand from the feeling and cause of the religious customs and rituals we will be nearer to the truth of the BEING of the indigenous and the special idiosyncrasies of the indigenous cultures.

From the first moment that the European countries set foot in these lands seeking wealth of the new world, they believed that the inhabitants of this world were inferior and uncivilised. They initiated the most horrifying barbarism of extermination and acculturation with the standard bearer of the church and the imposition of another culture that believed it was superior. Before the superiority of arms the indigenous people began to succumb in spite of their valiant resistance. With a cross in one hand and a sword in the other the conquerors brandished thousands of natives that had lived together for thousands of years on their own land and with an original and profound knowledge that nature itself had given.

In spite of not knowing the Christian God or any other of the beliefs of the white man the Indians had their own beliefs and religious rituals that should never be considered as inferior or pagan. But this was their destiny and even today after 500 years of domination we are still at the same point.

Vasudev
Conatact: losyachakugs@yahoo.co.uk
The Shamanic and Ecological Association of Colombia

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