Heimia salicifolia - Sinicuichi (Sinicuiche)
The natives believe that sinicuichi (sinicuiche) has sacred or supernatural qualities, since they hold that it helps them recall events which took place many years earlier as if they had happened yesterday; others assert that they are able, with sinicuichi, to remember pre-natal events.

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  • Why Entheology.org?
    Our simple and concise mission statement including information regarding submissions. We pay you for reprint rights on any research paper we'd like to include here at Edoto...just click for details.

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  • Plants of the Gods
    Absolute essential read for anyone interested in sacred entheogens. Includes detailed history and preparation of 97 psychoactive and/or sacred plants.

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  • Annual Causes of Death in America
    The REAL truth is the most sobering statistic.

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  • Annual Causes of Death in America
    The REAL truth is the most sobering statistic.

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  • Extracting Salvinorin from Salvia Divinorum
    This is a concise extraction method for educational purposes only.

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  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
    Extremely important information regarding MAOI's, complete with Diet Card.

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  • Traditional Quid Preparation
    Information regarding the traditional praparation of Salvia divinorum for divination by the Mazatecs.

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  • Pharmacology of Bufotenine
    Exhaustive case study regarding Bufotenine, 5-MEO-DMT, and related substances.

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  • Study on Calea Zacatechichi (Dream Herb)
    Calea zacatechichi is a plant of extensive popular medicinal use in Mexico. An infusion of the plant is has been reported to have psychotropic properties that have been clinically-proven to induce dreaming, and increase the frequency of dreams as well.

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  • In Depth Report Regarding DMT
    In this article I wish to draw attention to a strange property of DMT which sets it apart from other psychedelics, namely, it's ability to place users in touch with a realm that is apparently inhabited by discarnate entities of an intelligent nature.

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  • The Science of Ethnobotany
    Ethnobotanists share two decades of experience living with the indigenous peoples of Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia.

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  • Entheogens and the Future of Religion
    The book should prove to be a welcome complement to other serious studies in mysticism (including those that take a fundamentally different tack).

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  • Tukanoans
    The Tukanoans are one of the most known cultures that utilize ayahuasca as their sacrament. They are one of about 70 tribes who share this practice.

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  • Ayahuasca, shamanism, and curanderismo in the Andes
    The term ayahuasca comes from the Quechua, meaning literally "the vine of souls," although it is also called "the visionary vine" or the "vine of death." The folk term refers to the botanical species of liana known as Banisteriopsis Caapi , which is also

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  • The Santo Daime Religion
    In this paper, the reader will be introduced to the sect of Santo Daime, a Brazilian religion which combines Christianity with the indigenous practice of using ayahuasca, a native entheogenic plant.

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  • Santo Daime Church Wins Court Case
    Freedom of Religion versus the Psychotropic Substance Treaty - The Verdict

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  • Ayahuasca: Human Consciousness and the Spirits of Nature
    Anything with the name Ralph Metzner even remotely attached to it is a safe buy. An elder statesman responsible for dramatic shifts in consciousness within this nation and throughout the world...

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  • DMT: The Spirit Moecule
    Covering a groundbreaking psychedelic substance that is actually found in human cerebrospinal fluid, Rick Strassman tells a first-person story of his research on the profoundly mysterious substance dimethltryptamine (DMT).

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  • The World As You Dream It: Shamanic Teachings from the Amazon and Andes
    John has done a lot to honor and preserve the indigenous teachings and the ethnobotanical environment.

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  • Shapeshifting: Shamanic Techniques for Global and Personal Transformation
    John has done a lot to honor and preserve the indigenous teachings and the ethnobotanical environment.

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  • Canada to Decriminalize Cannabis
    The Liberal government is preparing to move ahead in the new year with legislation to decriminalize marijuana, Justice Minister Martin Cauchon said yesterday.

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  • Solubility of Active Components – Quick Guide
    Brief discussion on active components of plants and whether they were traditionally extracted into alcohol, water, or other solvents.

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  • Amanita Muscaria
    This mushroom could very well be human's oldest hallucinogen, as it has been identified as Soma of ancient India.

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  • Anadenanthera - Yopo, Cebil, Villca
    YOPO or PARICA (Anadenanthera peregrina or Piptadenia peregrina) is a South American tree of the bean family, Leguminosae. A potent hallucinogenic snuff is prepared from the seeds of this tree.

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  • Argyreia nervosa - Hawaiian Baby Woodrose
    Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seeds are perhaps one of the least understood of modern-day entheogens and exotic botanicals. There is much controversy in regards to its true place in Shamanic and traditional history outside of its native culture and home; India.

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  • Argyreia nervosa - Hawaiian Baby Woodrose
    Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seeds are perhaps one of the least understood of modern-day entheogens and exotic botanicals. There is much controversy in regards to its true place in Shamanic and traditional history outside of its native culture and home; India.

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  • Banisteriopsis caapi - Ayahuasca
    Used in the western half of the Amazon Valley and by isolated tribes on the Pacific slopes of the Columbian and Ecuadorian Andes.

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  • Brugmansia aurea - Golden Angel's Trumpet
    Golden Angel’s Trumpet is native to the highland areas around the Andes mountain range in South America. It is very well known throughout southern Columbia, Ecuador and Peru. It has also been transplanted throughout Mexico and Central America, and it is f

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  • Brugmansia sanguinea - Blood-Red Angel's Trumpet
    Bloodred Angel’s Trumpet is native to the midland and lowland areas around the Andes mountain range in South America. It grows wildly throughout Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru. It has also been found growing at sea level in Chile. The plant’s

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  • Brunfelsia grandiflora - Brunfelsia
    Brunfelsia Grandiflora is a tree-like shrub indigenous to the tropical regions of South America, ranging from Venezuela to Bolivia and it is especially abundant in Brazil and on the Caribbean Islands.The plant’s psychoactive compounds are found in the lea

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  • Caesalpinia sepiaria - Yun Shih
    This plant was reputedly used in China as hallucinogen, this is nearly all we know about this plant.

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  • Calea zacatechichi - Dream Herb
    Calea zacatechichi is a plant used by the Chontal Indians of Mexico to obtain divinatory messages during dreaming.

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  • Cannabis sativa - Marijuana
    The original home of Cannabis is thought to be central Asia, but it has spread around the globe with the exception of Arctic regions and areas of wet tropical forests.

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  • Areca catechu - Betel Nut
    Betel nuts have been used as a drug for thousands of years. The practiced is thought to have started in south-east Asia and there is archaeological evidence to support this view.

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  • Claviceps purpurea - Ergot Alkaloid
    Ergot: A Fungus Disease Of Rye That Contains LSD

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  • Conocybe siligineoides - Conocybe
    Conocybe Siligineoides is a sacred fungus endemic only to Mexico.

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  • Coleus blumei - Painted Nettle
    COLEUS (Coleus pumas and C. blumei) is cultivated by the Mazatecs of Oaxaca, Mexico, who reputedly employ the leaves in the some way as they use the leaves of Salvia divinorum

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  • Coryphantha compacta - Pincushion Cactus
    C. compacta is believed to be the Tarahumara híkuri known as "bakánawa." Bakánawa, like most híkuri, is both respected and feared as a god, and considered to have a soul and human emotions.

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  • Cymbopogon densiflorus - Lemongrass
    In Tanganyika the native medicine men smoke the flowers of Cymbopogon densiflorus alone or with tobacco to cause dreams which they believe foretell the future.

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  • Cystisus canariensis - Genista
    GENISTA (Cytisus canariensis) is employed as an hallucinogen in the magic practices of Yaqui medicine men in northern Mexico.

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  • Damiana Leaf - Turnera diffusa
    Damiana is a small shrub with aromatic leaves found throughout Mexico, Central and South America and the West Indies. The botanical name of the plant describes its use as an aphrodisiac.

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  • Datura metel - Datura
    The Indian Thorn Apple - Datura metel - was first documented in Sanskrit literature. The Arabic physician Avicenna touted the importance of its medicinal applications as well as prescribed the exact amount of dosage to the Arabs, who categorized the plan

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  • Nicotiana Rustica - Mapucho
    Mapacho is considered very sacred by Amazonian shamans and is employed alone (by tabaqueros) or in combination with other plants in shamanic practices.

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  • Desfontainia spinosa - Taique
    Desfontainia spinosa, a beautiful shrub 1-6 feet in height, has glossy dark green leaves, resembling those of Christmas holly, and tubular red flowers with a yellow tip.

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  • Duboisia hopwoodii - Pituri Bush
    The pituri plant had enormous economic value to the Aborigines. Pituri roads existed with extensive trade networks that extended from northern to southern desert areas, which permitted Aborigines to trade the plant.

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  • Epithelantha micromeris - Hikuli Mulato
    Considered a "false peyote" which is often called "hikuli mulato," the "dark skinned peyote".

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  • Galbulimima belgreveana - Agara
    The use of Galbulimima belgraveana in Papua New Guinea has been reported in several popular books on psychoactive plants. The chewing of Galbulimima belgraveana bark and Homalomena sp. leaves (ereriba) has been reported to induce visions and a dream-like

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  • Hyoscyamus albus - Yellow Henbane
    Hyoscyamus albus, or yellow henbane, was the most important tool in ancient times of inducing trances and providing visions to oracles and soothsayers. Today, the plant is still treasured in many parts of the world for its medicinal and psychoactive prope

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  • Hyoscyamus niger - Black Henbane
    Black Henbane was used as a ritual plant by the pre-Indo-European peoples of central Europe. In Australia, handfuls of henbane seeds were discovered in a ceremonial urn along with bones and snail shells, dating back to the early Bronze Age. During the Pal

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  • Ipomoea violacea - Morning Glory
    Regardless of what you’ve read anywhere else; Morning Glory has a rich place in the history of psychedelic and visionary use in historical traditions across multiple cultures, including the Chontal Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico, and the highly evolved Aztec C

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  • Kaempferia galanga - Galanga
    Beyond the high content of essential oil in the rhizome, little is known of the chemistry of the plant. Hallucinogenic activity might possibly be due to constituents of the essential oils.

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  • Leonotis leonurus - Lion's Tail
    Smoked by the Hottentot tribes smoke the resinous flowering tops and leaves from this plant as a euphoriant.

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  • Leonurus sibiricus - Siberian Motherwort
    Leaves from Siberian Motherwort (Marihuanilla) are collected while the plant is in bloom, dried, and then smoked in either a pipe or with rolling papers. No toxic dosage is known and typically 1 to 2 grams of the dried leaf is enough for one rolled cigare

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  • Botany of Peyote (Lophophora williamsii)
    The peyote cactus is a flowering plant of the family Cactaceae, which is a group of fleshy, spiny plants found primarily in the dry regions of the New World.

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  • Lycoperdon mixtecorum - Bovista
    PUFFBALLS (Lycoperdon mixtecorum and L. marginotum) are used by the Mixtec Indicins Of Oaxaca, Mexico as auditory hallucinogens.

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  • Mandragora officinarum - Mandrake
    Mandrake is unquestionably the most famous magical plant, and the most widely used psychoactive of ancient through medieval times. Mandrake use is much less common today, but certain parts of the world still value its medicinal and magical properties.

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  • Maquira sclerophylia - Rapa dos Indios
    In the Pariana region of the central Amazon in Brazil, the indians formerly prepared a hallucinogenic snuff of the dried fruits. The snuff was taken in tribal ceremonials, but encroachment of civilization has obliterated it's use.

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  • Mimosa hostilis - Jurema Tree
    The preparation of the brew from fresh Jurema root bark for trance possession rituals, is, in itself, a complex ritual of the Atikum tribe.

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  • Mitragyna speciosa - Kratom
    Kratom is traditionally only used in Thailand, although some use in Malaysia has been reported. Use dates far enough back that its beginning can't be determined. It is often used as a substitute for opium when opium is unavailable, or to moderate opium ad

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  • Mucuna pruriens - Cowhage
    M. pruriens is a leguminous climbing plant, with long, slender branches, alternate, lanceolate leaves on hairy petioles, 6 to 12 inches long, with large, white flowers, growing in clusters of two or three, with a bluish-purple, butterfly-shaped corolla.

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  • Nymphaea caerulea - Blue Lily / Blue Lotus
    Creating a feeling of well being, euphoria and ecstasy, Nymphaea caerulea (blue lotus) is a water plant growing on the shores of lakes and rivers.

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  • Oncidium ceboletta - Hikuri Orchid
    Oncidium longifolium is known as a peyote replacement among the Tarahumara.

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  • Macropiper Excelsum - Maori Kava
    This subspecies from the New Zealand mainland is the variety used by the Maori in their medicines and rituals and belongs to the kava family.

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  • Panaeolus spinctrinus - Hoop-Petticoat
    Under construction.

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  • Panaeolus subbalteatus - Dark-rimmed Mottlegill
    Panaeolus subbalteatus is a psilocybin-containing mushroom that also has large amounts of serotonin and 5-hydroxytryptophan, which may account for its reportedly relatively mellow effects.

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  • Pandanus
    Natives of New Guinea employ the fruit of an unidentified species of Pandanus for hallucinogenic purposes, unfortunately little is known of this use.

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  • Peganum harmala - Syrian Rue
    The seeds, as well as the roots, of P. harmala contain a mixture of the harmala alkaloids, armine and harmaline. When admnstered to humans, the harmala alkaloids are serotonin antagonists, CNS stimulants, hallucinogens and extemely potent, short term MAO

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  • Pelecyphora aselliformis - Peyotillo
    P. aselliformis is a well known medicinal peyote sold in the markets of San Luís Potosí, Mexico, and is used as a remedy for fevers and rheumatic pains. Extracts have also been shown to have antibiotic activity.

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  • Pernettya furens - Hierba loca
    The fruit of tagili, of Ecuador, is well recognized as poisonous, capable of inducing hallucinations and other psychic alterations as well as affecting the motor nerves.

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  • Petunia violaceae - Shanin
    SHANIN (Petunia violacea) is one of the most recently reported hallucinogens. It is taken by the Indians in Ecuador to induce the sensation of flight.

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  • Petunia violaceae - Shanin
    SHANIN (Petunia violacea) is one of the most recently reported hallucinogens. It is taken by the Indians in Ecuador to induce the sensation of flight.

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  • Phalaris arundinacea - Red Canary Grass
    The plant contains DMT, beta-carbolines, 5-MEO-demethyltryptamine, and trace amounts of bufotenine.

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  • Phragmites australis - Common Reed
    A perenniel grass with a long association with humans, the common reed is native to Eurasia and Africa but has spread all over the world with people, even though it has practically never been cultivated.

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  • Psilocybe cubensis - San Isidro
    Psilocybe cubensis is distinguished by its slightly curved caps which can grow up to 8 cm in diameter, and feature a yellow or golden center. Like all mushrooms containing psilocybin, Psilocybe cubensis provides a potent visionary experience, often with s

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  • Psilocybe cyanescens - Wavy Cap
    Psilocybe cyanescens is a psilocybin/psilocin-containing mushroom most commonly found in the Pacific Northwest, but the most potent varieties grown in and are used by mushroom cults in central Europe.

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  • Psilocybe mexicana - Teonanacatl
    Few plants of the gods have ever been held in greater reverence than the sacred mushrooms of Mexico. So hallowed were these fungi that the Aztecs called them Teonancatl ("divine flesh") and used them only in the most holy of their ceremonies. Even though,

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  • Psilocybe semilanceata - Liberty Cap
    Psilocybe Semilanceata was first described in 1900, by Civil War veteran, Charles McIlvaine in his seminal mycological treatise “One Thousand American Fungi,” where he described the Liberty Cap and all of its “strange effects.” However, it wasn’t until 19

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  • Psychotria viridis - Chacruna
    The classical principle admixtures of Ayahuasca and Yagè commonly employed throughout Amazonian Peru, Ecuador and Brazil. Related to the coffee plant in a large genus of over 700 species, Psychotria viridis is a small glabrous tree or shrub reaching 14 fo

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  • Rynchosia phaseoloides - Piule
    The beautiful red and black beans of several species of Rhynchosia may have been eployed in ancient Mexico as an hallucinogenic.

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  • Salvia divinorum - Diviner's Sage
    Salvia divinorum is a perennial labiate used for curing and divination by the Mazatec Indians of Oaxaca, Mexico. The psychotropic effects the plant produces are compared to those of the other hallucinogens employed by the Mazatecs, the morning glory, Rive

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  • Sceletium tortuosum - Kanna
    The family Mesembryanthemaceae contains many pharmacologically active species. One of the most utilized by native peoples in South Africa was the genus Sceletium(Kanna), for which whole tribes would travel hundreds of miles to pick a years supply.

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  • Scirpus atrovirens - Bakana
    One of the most powerful herbs of the Tarahumara of Mexico is apparently a species of Scirpus.

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  • How to Germinate Seeds
    Great article from a great online seed vender; Alchemy Works.

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  • To Save the Forest, the Trees Must Go
    In the name of science, the United States Forest Service has proposed the experimental logging of half a million acres in two forests in the Sierra Nevada...

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  • The Bwiti Religion and Tabernanthe iboga
    The use of vegetable hallucinogens by humans for religious purposes is very ancient, probably even older than its use for healing, magic or teaching purposes. The profound alterations in one's state of consciousness brought about by the use of a hallucino

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  • Mao Inhibitor Recipe Simplified
    This is a powerful MAO inhibitor, and should be treated VERY carefully!

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  • Studies of Salvia divinorum (Lamiaceae),
    Salvia divinorum Epling & Játiva-M. is one of the vision-inducing plants used by the Mazatec Indians of central Mexico. The present status of research is summarized.

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  • Piper methysticum - Kava Kava
    Kava Kava is also known by the names Ava, Ava Pepper, Intoxicating Pepper, Kawa Awa, Kawa Kawa, Wati, Yogona, and Waka. This herb, a member of the pepper family, grows as a bush in the South Pacific.

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  • Piper methysticum - Kava Kava
    Kava Kava is also known by the names Ava, Ava Pepper, Intoxicating Pepper, Kawa Awa, Kawa Kawa, Wati, Yogona, and Waka. This herb, a member of the pepper family, grows as a bush in the South Pacific.

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  • Modern Day Shamanism in Hawaii
    Serge is doing his part to save the shaman traditions of his culture when he formed Aloha International; a world-wide network of people studying and practicing the Hawaiian shamanic traditions.

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  • Use of Psychoactive Snuff in Pre-Columbian Chile
    One notable feature of the Pre-Columbian San Pedro culture is the high incidence of snuffing implements. The most common of the snuffing kits found in San Pedro de Atacama consists of a woolen bag containing a wooden rectangular snuff tray, a snuffing tub

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  • A Psychedelic ‘Problem Child’ Comes Full Circle
    Upon the death of psychedelic pioneer Dr. Albert Hofmann, Benedict Carey of the Ne York Times examines the history, and the potential therapeutic future, of LSD is examined.

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  • The Future of Psychedelics
    Author Daniel Pinchbeck discusses the 2008 World Psychedelic Forum held recently in Switzerland, and the potential for studying psychedelic therapies in the shifting world political climate.

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  • Self-Experimenters: Psychedelic Chemist Explores the Surreality of Inner Space, One Drug at a Time
    Alexander Shulgin endured a government crackdown and hallucinations of his bones melting in pursuit of new mind-bending compounds.

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  • Research On Psychedelics Moves Into The Mainstream
    In-depth article on the new, emerging studies of the psychotherapeutic uses of psychedelic drugs such as LSD, MDMA and Psilocybin.

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  • Autism, ADD, ADHD and Marijuana Therapy
    Medical Marijuana research over the last six years demonstrates a link to marijuana use and alleviating symptoms of ADD, ADHD, depression, pain and other chronic conditions.

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  • Psst... Government-Supplied Marijuana Program Turns 30
    May 10th marked the 30th anniversary of a little-known federal government program - referred to as a Compassionate Investigational New Drug (IND) program - which supplies medical marijuana to only a handful of patients.

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  • Could an Acid Trip Cure Your OCD?
    Research intensifies into the use of psychedelics in the treatment of psychological conditions such as depression, PTSD, obsessive compulsive disorder and anxiety. Patients undergoing treatment for life-threatening diseases such as cancer are finding answ

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  • Khat Out of the Bag
    A Somali national residing in London was caught with 10 kilogrammes of khat at the Malta International Airport (MIA) last week. This was the second time that the drug was discovered by the authorities in Malta. But it is well known in other parts of the w

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  • The Shroom Tragedy
    Magic mushrooms are on the verge of being outlawed by the Dutch government for the usual sensationalized reasons as everywhere else.

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  • The Shroom Tragedy
    Magic mushrooms are on the verge of being outlawed by the Dutch government for the usual sensationalized reasons as everywhere else.

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  • Blood is Thicker Than Friends
    Fiji's interim Prime Minister Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama describes his experience with a Vanuatu kava session.

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  • Incense May Relieve Depression and Anxiety Naturally
    Researchers find psychoactive link between burning frankincense incense and relieving symptoms of anxiety and depression.

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  • Brazil Appeals Court Rules Drug Possession Not a Crime
    At the end of March, a Brazilian appeals court in São Paulo declared that possession of drugs for personal use is not a criminal offense. Several lower courts had previously ruled in the same way, but the ruling from the São Paulo Justice Court's 6th Crim

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  • Will Harvard Drop Acid Again?
    Dr. John Halpern of Harvard University conducts research through human clinical trials into the medicinal value and applications of LSD and psilocybin. Joining forces with Halpern is Rick Doblin, founder of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedeli

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  • Low-Dose Psilocybin Brings Relief To Cluster-Headache Sufferers
    Anecdotal evidence and comprehensive, scientific case studies point to successful treatment of cluster headaches with psilocybin mushrooms.

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  • What Herbs May Help People With Anxiety
    Dr. Michael W. Kahn, Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, and Director of Ambulatory Psychiatry at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, discusses alternative herbal therapies for treating anxiety.

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  • How the Internet Fuels the Global Psychedelic Community
    This year and the next, the United Nations will evaluate the War on Drugs. Since its official start in 1998 we have been bombed with official statistics on drug use, drug addiction, drug trafficking, street prices, courtcases and all the like. But what do

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  • US Leads World in Substance Abuse, WHO Finds
    The United States leads the world in rates of experimenting with marijuana and cocaine despite strict drug laws, World Health Organization researchers said on Tuesday. Countries with looser drug laws have lower rates of abuse, the researchers report in t

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  • Absinthe - Green Fairy - Wormwood
    Now that the ban on absinthe has been lifted in the United States, as well as around the rest of the world, all of us now are able to enjoy The Green Fairy again in all her psychoactive and sometimes psychedelic glory that inspired many great artists.

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  • Turbina corymbosa - Ololiuqui
    Ololiuqui is the Aztec name for the seeds of certain convolvulaceous plants which have been used since prehispanic times by the Aztecs and related tribes, just as the sacred mushrooms and the cactus peyote have been used in their religious ceremonies for

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  • The Land of the Lotus Smokers
    Metaphor and drug use from Homer's the Illiad and he Odyssey, and modern day use of the lotus flower in extracts and herbal blends.

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  • Theobroma cacao
    Cacao truly is a "Food of the Gods", especially now that it's been clinically-proven to be extraordinaily good for our bodies. Yes, chocolate is indeed derived from cacao and has extraordinary nutritional properties, as well as psychoactive and aphrodisi

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  • Might the Gods be Alkaloids?
    The question related in the title of our presentation addresses the role and use of psychoactive plants, throughout the process of human evolution, as inducers of altered states of consciousness.

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  • Marc Emery, Canada's Prince of Pot
    In November 2002, Cannabis Culture publisher Marc Emery completed his second run for Mayor of Vancouver, Canada's West Coast cannabis capital. The renowned pot seed merchant placed fifth on the crowded ballot, participating in all major debates and campai

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  • Who Will Be Obama’s Pick For ‘Drug Czar’?
    by Allen St. Pierre, NORML Executive Director.

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  • Healing and Regenerative Effects of Ayahuasca
    One writer's personal journey into healing and self-awareness at Camp Ayahuasca.

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  • Russia Bans Blue Lotus Smoking Blends
    Light drugs are still available in free sale in Russia despite the official decree issued by Surgeon General Gennady Onischenko. One can purchase a blend of dry herbs in specialized shops. Dope sellers assure their customers that their products are absolu

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  • Russia Bans Blue Lotus Smoking Blends
    Light drugs are still available in free sale in Russia despite the official decree issued by Surgeon General Gennady Onischenko. One can purchase a blend of dry herbs in specialized shops. Dope sellers assure their customers that their products are absolu

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  • Ancient Psychoactive Incense and Preparations
    Psychoactive incense has been known about and used for thousands of years; Over time and after many trials mankind has discovered that a potent hallucinogenic incense could be made by combining several different plants, resins, bark and roots.Although the

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  • Ancient Psychoactive Incense and Preparations
    Psychoactive incense has been known about and used for thousands of years; Over time and after many trials mankind has discovered that a potent hallucinogenic incense could be made by combining several different plants, resins, bark and roots.Although the

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  • The God Chemical: Brain Chemistry And Mysticism
    Barbara Bradley Hagerty discusses the latest in brain research and the use of entheogens to induce spiritual states of mind in the laboratory. Topics covered include: Peyote ceremonies, lessons learned from scientific studies of LSD's effect on the brain,

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  • Marijuana Kills Brain Cancer Cells
    The study showed, conclusively, that THC (the active alkaloid in Cannabis) caused brain cancer cells to undergo a process called autophagy. This process causes cells to feed upon themselves, thereby destroying them, and not only did researchers witness t

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  • Spiritual Effects Of Psilocybin In Sacred Mushrooms
    In a follow-up to research showing that psilocybin, a substance contained in "sacred mushrooms," produces substantial spiritual effects, a Johns Hopkins team reports that those effects appear to last more than a year. Writing in the Journal of Psychopharm

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  • Oldest Christian Bible - Let Translations Begin!
    The early work known as the Codex Sinaiticus has been housed in four separate locations across the world for more than 150 years. Starting Monday, it became available for perusal on the Web. Scot McKendrick, head of Western manuscripts at the British Libr

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  • Salvia on Schedule: Detriment to Research
    Scientific American explains how the scheduling the mind-altering herb as a controlled substance could slow medical research. This is not news, but the fact that Scientific American published this article is.

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Buy Heimia Salicifolia HERE

Family: Lythraceae
Genus: Heimia
Species: Salicifolia
Common Names: Abre-o-sol (Sun Opener), Heimia, Herva de Vida (Herb of Life), Hierba de San Francisco (Herb of Saint Francis), Huanchinal, Jarilla, Shicuichi, Sinicuiche, Sinicuichi, Xonochilli, Yerba de Animas (Herb of the Spirits).

Heimia Salicifolia is a perennial herbaceous shrub; it has very few distinguishing characteristics and resembles many other shrubs native to Mexico and Central America. In the wild it can grow over 10 feet tall (3 meters), and can spread out to cover 20 feet (6 meters) around. It produces many thin straight branches all emanating from a single base and varying in color from light to dark brown and grey. The small bright yellow flowers are made-up of 6 petals and are less than an inch (2.5 cm) in diameter; each branch will only produce a few flowers but many leaves. The small oval shaped leaves grow directly out of the thin branches and are approximately 3 inches long (7.5 cm) by 1 inch wide (2.5 cm), they vary in color from light green to dark forest green.
 
Sinicuichi grows indigenously throughout central and northern Mexico, preferring hot, sunny and tropical areas. The plant has been successfully cultivated as far north as Baja California and as far south as South America, Argentina. It has also been reported to grow wildly in the southwestern United States, as well as throughout Mexico, Central and South America.
 
There is no real evidence of Sinicuichi being used in prehistoric Mexico. Although Gordon Wasson has posited a connection between its ritual use and the worship of the Aztec God of spring, Xochipilli, Wasson’s hypothesis has never been substantiated and is tenuous at best. Modern accounts can be traced back to the 1800s when the indigenous Indians throughout Mexico used a decoction of the flowers, leaves, branches, and roots to treat the symptoms of syphilis. J.B. Calderon first reported its hallucinogenic effects in 1896 while investigating the medicinal folk remedies of Mexico.

Recently conducted analysis has shown that Heimia Salicifolia contains 16 different active alkaloids. These compounds include dihydrodecodine, cryogenine/vertine, lythrine, heimine, sinicuichine, lythridine, lyfoline, heimidine, anelisine, abresoline, demethyllasubine I, demethyllasubine II, epidemethoxyabresoline, sinine, vesolidine and nesodine. There are also studies showing that the alkaloidal precursor to cryogenine, the main active compound in Sinicuichi, is phenylalanine; phenylalanine is structurally very similar to dopamine and adrenaline, which may account for some of the reported effects.

TRADITIONAL USE: Although there is virtually no evidence of Sinicuichi being used before the 1800s, there is ample evidence of its widespread medicinal use throughout Mexico during the 1800s. Many different decoctions were made from its flowers, leaves, branches, and roots to make fermented teas, healing salves, cleansing waters, and even medicinal steam. Native Indians used this plant to treat many common problems, using the leaves as an effective insect repellent and to cure Poison Ivy rashes as well as making decoctions to soothe aching muscles, treat scabies, increase fertility and to heal postpartum diseases.

TRADITIONAL PREPARATION: Many different indigenous tribes have used Heimia Salicifolia for myriad medicinal and spiritual purposes; however, there are three main categories which most of the preparations fall into: fermented teas, healing salves, and direct extractions.

The most common and most widely reported preparation is a Sinicuichi fermented tea. The indigenous tribes collected fresh leaves and allowed them to wilt, they were then crushed and soaked in a cup of cool water, the cup was then placed outside under the sun for one day to allow the concoction time to ferment. Honey was sometimes added to improve the taste, although it was not necessary. When fresh leaves were unavailable, the dried leaves and branches were used with equal success, following the same procedure, except the dried material is steeped in hot water instead of cold water. After 24 hours, the infused water is strained and the juices are squeezed from the leaves to make a hallucinogenic tea. A third of an ounce (10 grams) of dried plant material was used as a starting point to initiate shaman in the spirit world, but reports that as much as 14 grams (1/2 ounce of dried leaves) is needed for pronounced effects.

There is also mounting ancedotal evidence that Sinicuichi can be rolled into a cigarette and smoked, especially when combined with a potentiator such as Wild Dagga Flowers, for a very pleasing experience.  The only complaint is that it takes a lot of dried leaf to feel the pronunced effects, but Sinicuichi is often overlooked and is legal everywhere in the world.  There are even some comments on this article via the link below that talk about the effeciveness of smoking Sinicuichi as well.

For medicinal preparations, Sinicuichi was blended into a thick salve that was then used to cover open wounds to stop bleeding and promote accelerated healing. These salves were made in a similar way as the tea, expect that large amounts of the leaves, stems, branches and roots were used and the resulting tea was then allowed to evaporate until there was nothing left but a dark thick paste. The resulting paste was then used to treat many different skin ailments.

Direct extractions were the easiest of the three preparations. The natives used the fresh leaves to prepare a Sinicuichi extraction. They collected the leaves, then crushed and squeezed all of the juices out of the leaves; the resulting juices were then rubbed all over the body to repel mosquitoes and other insects.

MEDICINAL USE: Heimia Salicifolia was well known by many different indigenous indian tribes in Mexico, it was so well known and so widely used that it was given over 50 different folk names; every region and every tribe knew of the plant’s medicinal properties and gave it their own unique name. The natives used the plant to treat high fevers, parasitic worms, and to cover open wounds to prevent bleeding and promote healing. It was also widely used to treat the symptoms of syphilis, to expel ailments by increasing sweat production and it was used as a laxative to soothe stomach problems. Current research into four of the active compounds has shown promising new applications: cryogenine works as an anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and sedative; nesodine possesses anti-inflammatory properties as well; lythrine has been shown to be a very effective diuretic; and sinicuichine is known to act as a muscle relaxant and tranquilizer.

TRADITIONAL EFFECTS: J.B. Calderon first reported on Sinicuichi’s hallucinogenic effects in 1896, he claimed that Sinicuichi possessed a “curious and unique physiological action… the plant [produces] a pleasant drunkenness… all objects appear yellow and the sounds of bells, human voices […] reach the ears as if coming from a long distance.” In 1926 Victor Reko further elaborated on the effects of Sinicuichi, citing increased “strength, energy, and joy, awakens the spirit. Objects are very clearly seen in great detail. […] Individuals feel as if walking on a soft carpet. They see a door opened but don’t hear the sound. There is nothing unpleasant, except that objects have a yellow-blue or purple sheen. Users say it is the remedy to secure happiness.” These descriptions closely mirror modern personal reports on the effects Heimia.  

Modern accounts describe the effects felt from drinking the fermented tea as a please euphoria, relaxing and soothing muscles, slightly increased sweating, producing mild auditory hallucinations, sounds produced nearby are heard as if from a great distance. The most noticeable effects are the visual hallucinations, the field of vision takes on a yellowish aura, and objects appear to have purplish, bluish, greenish hues. The yellowing of the field of vision is one reason that the plant has taken the name ‘Sun Opener’, the visual hallucinations resemble the yellow and orange hues that sun creates in the sky at dawn.  

One of the most remarkable effects that have been reported is a greater clarity of thought and the ability to clearly remember events from early childhood. While under the influence of the Sun Opener, people have been able to described events from their childhood so clearly and precisely that they claim it feels as if they experienced them yesterday. Others have reported recollections of events that transpired before they were born, while they were in their mother’s womb. There are also reports that native tribesmen are able to commune with their direct ancestors, and remember events that took place in their great grandparents’ lives.   

REFERENCES

Gottlieb, Adam. 1973. Legal Highs: A Concise Encyclopedia of Legal Herbs and Chemicals with Psychoactive Properties. 20th Century Alchemist. 47.

Graham, Shirley. 1997. Type Species: Heimia salicifolia. Kent University. Retrieved 12 June 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/19970624061507/http://simon.kent.edu/Biology/Research/Shirley_Graham/Genera/heimia.html

Malone, M. H. and A. Rother. 1994. Heimia salicifolia: A phytochemical and phytopharmacologic review. J. of Ethnopharmacology 42: 135-159. PDF

Rev. MeO. 2003. Heimia Salicifolia FAQ. Erowid Vaults. Retrieved 12 June 2009. http://www.erowid.org/plants/sinicuichi/sinicuichi_faq.shtml

Shaman Australis. 2003. Auxins Alkaloids of Genus Heimia Page. Retrieved 12 June 2009. http://www.shaman-australis.com/~auxin/heimia.html

Theatrum Botanicum. 2004. A Catalog of Rare and Strange Plants. Retrieved 12 June 2009. http://www.greenstranger.com/catalog2004.html

UK Cropnet: EnthobotDB. 2009. Taxon: Heimia salicifolia. Retrieved 12 June 2009. http://ukcrop.net/perl/ace/enh_tree/EthnobotDB?name=Heimia%20salicifolia&class=Taxon&expand=Use#Use

FURTHER INFORMATION

Sinicuichi (or Sinicuiche), also known by its Latin name of Heimia salicifolia, has historically been linked to the Aztec god of spring and desire, Xochipilli. Naturalistic flower elements that appear on the legendary Aztec statue of Xochipilli have always been assumed to be the flora of sinicuiche. Although no documented proof is available regarding its ritual use, anecdotal evidence does show that it has been used in fertility ceremonies, as well as spiritual cleansing rituals said to rid one of evil and ward away evil spirits.
 

Cultivation of the sinicuichi (sinicuiche) plant occurs through propagation of plant cuttings, as well as through planting its tiny seeds. The seeds need to be sown in garden beds set aside especially for their germination, or in pots filled with soil. The soil must be of a fine texture and pressed down gently with a flat garden spade or some other type of object. The seeds should be only slightly moistened with water by using a fine mist sprayer, and most definitely not watered by pouring water directly on them. The soil should be kept slightly moist until the seeds have germinated. The seedlings should not be exposed to direct sunlight, but kept in indirect sun to semi-shade. Only when the seedlings have developed full leaves should they be placed in the sun and watered thoroughly. The plant thrives in loosely packed soil that dries quickly, in areas that are warm and arid.

 

Its popular name, Sinicuiche, is used for both the plant and the drink that is made from the plant. The plant also goes by folk names including anchinol, chapuzina, escoba del rio, flor de San Francisco, granadillo, hanchinoli, hierba de San Francisco, jara, quiebra yugo, and xonoxhilli, among many others. In reference to the drink, the name sinicuiche refers to the Mexican “magical drink which causes oblivion,” that was immortalized by German supernatural fiction author Hanns Heinz Ewers in his tome The Blue Indians (translated to English from its native title, Die blauen Indianer).

 

Sinicuiche the drink is made from compressed, wilted Heimia salicifolia leaves, ground into a pulp, then added to cold water. This concoction is left in the warm sun for several days, allowing the brew to ferment. This cold water extraction method is used to produce a sticky extract that is added to and mixed with clear, clean water, and then imbibed. A tea may also be made from its fresh or dried leaves, using the plant in this manner both by itself as well as combined with other herbs. A tincture can also be made by creating an extract using fresh sinicuiche leaves added to a 60% to 80% ethanol base, then distilling the mixture.

 

Heimia salicifolia has a long history of use in Mexican folk medicine. They use it to this day as a narcotic, a diuretic, a fever reducer and as a general inebriant. It has also been used as a medicinal bath additive. Mexican folk medicine practitioners brew a tea from sinicuiche leaves that is drunk to promote digestion, as well as create a tonic that is used to treat rabies as well as counteract the “evil eye.”

 

The plant’s primary use in Mexican folk medicine when not being used ritualistically by Shamans to enter the Spirit World, however, is for the purposes of fertility. Infertile women are said to be helped by soaking in a bath prepared with sinicuichi leaves among other herbs and essential oils. To promote conception, a tea is made from a combination of Heimia salicifolia twigs with other plant herbage and root extracts, then imbibed by women wanting to conceive. To treat sexual dysfunction, such as frigidity, and other sexual problems like sexual weakness, ovarian inflammations and cysts, and various uterine ailments, a woman’s vagina is exposed to the steam of a tea made with sinicuiche and rosemary. After giving birth, as well to treat the symptoms of a potential miscarriage, a concoction made from sinicuiche, cinnamon, agave (pulque), and piloncillo should be drunk by the woman afflicted.

 

The Maká Indians of of Chaco in Paraguay use fresh use fresh Haeimia salicifolia leaves to create an extract that they then make into a plant paste for treating would puncture and scrape wounds made by thorns that have remained in the wound. The leaves are believed to the extraction of the thorn easier, and also they reportedly speed up the healing of the wound. The Pilagá of Argentinean Chaco place sinicuiche leaves directly on sores. They also make a drink from the plant’s root that is imbibed to treat stomachaches.

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